Falam District of Northern Chin State
Hakha District of Northern Chin State
Hakha District was formed by the first Chin State Hluttaw emergency meeting No. 2/2012 on 1 June.
Chin is a state located in western Burma (Myanmar).
The 36,019-square-kilometre (13,907 sq mi) Chin State is bordered by Rakhine State in the south, Bangladesh in the south-west, Sagaing Division and Magway Division in the east, the Indian state of Manipur in the north and the Indian state of Mizoram in the west. The Chin ethnic group make up the majority of the state’s 500,000 people. The capital of the state is Hakha. The state is a mountainous region with few transportation links. Chin State is sparsely populated and remains one of the least developed areas of the country. Chin State has the highest poverty rate of 73% as per the released figures from the first official survey.
The Tibeto-Burman peoples entered the Chin Hills some time in the first millennium AD as part of the wider migration of Tibeto-Burman peoples into th
e area. Some historians speculate that the Thet people mentioned in the Burmese Chronicles might be the Chins.For much of history, the sparsely populated Chin Hills were ruled by local chiefs. Political organization in the region prior to the Toungoo dynasty’s conquest in the mid-16th century remains largely conjectural.
The first recorded instance of a western kingdom believed to be near the Chin Hills is the Kingdom of Pateikkaya, a tributary to the Pagan Kingdom in the 11th and 12th centuries. Some historians (Arthur Phayre, Tun Nyein) put Pateikkaya in eastern Bengal, thus placing the entire Chin Hills under Pagan suzerainty but others, like Harvey, citing stone inscriptions, put it near the eastern Chin Hills.(Burmese Chronicles report the kings of Pateikkaya as Indian though the ethnicity of the subjects is not explicitly cited.)
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